Here’s a quick look at how a solar system and its components can convert the sun’s energy into electricity for your home or business:
Solar panels receive sunlight (photons) as the sun shines onto them. The components of the solar panel (silicone and metal conductors) uses the ‘photovoltaic effect’ to convert photons into electricity. This generated electricity is in direct current (DR) form. The system’s inverter then converts this DC electricity into alternating current (AC), making it suitable for household use and appliances.
For even more, have a look at solar power advantages and disadvantages here.